The real biblical and original Jerusalem start it early days in this small hill called Zion, David conquest it from Jebusites hands and proclaim Zion the Capital of United Kingdom of Israel
The name Zion in Hebrew determine an unique and special place appointed, a landmark, maybe it can explain the exclusive place to worship by Israelites.
Since Jerusalem had remained in Jebusite control ever since the days of Joshua (Josh. 15:63) it was considered neutral, so David’s residence there would demonstrate tribal impartiality. But the very fact that Jerusalem had remained Jebusite indicated its security and defensibility. This is seen clearly in the taunting response of its citizens to David’s siege of the city. Even the blind and the lame can ward you off, they said.
Taking up a position on Mount Zion, the City of David, which lay just south of the Jebusite city (Mount Ophel; see the map “Jerusalem at the Time of the Kings” near 1 Kings 9:15), David promised his men that whoever could discover a means of access to the city would be promoted to commander-in-chief (1 Chron. 11:6). The account in 1 Chronicles relates that Joab was able to do so, apparently by passing through the water tunnel which connected Jerusalem’s water supply to its interior reservoirs (2 Sam. 5:8). The Hebrew word for water shaft (צִנּוֹר) may refer instead to a sort of grappling hook (cf. NIV marg.). In any case, the city was entered and incorporated into the capital.
So galling to David was the Jebusite sarcasm about “the blind and lame,” however, that it became proverbial to speak of his enemies in general as the blind and lame. After the city was captured, Mount Zion and Mount Ophel were consolidated into one entity described here and elsewhere as the City of David (5:7, 9; 6:12; 1 Kings 2:10). The supporting terraces (2 Sam. 5:9) were literally “the Millo” (NIV marg.). This Hebrew word means “filling”; thus this may have been the area between the hills which was filled in to level the whole city. It may also refer to embankments erected to protect the city from the North (1 Kings 9:15, 24).
5:10-12. David’s capture, expansion, and occupation of Jerusalem made it clear to all Israel and to surrounding peoples as well that God ... was with him and that he was not a renegade tribal chieftain but a political power with whom they must reckon. This is seen in the attention he received from Hiram, king of the Phoenician city-state of Tyre, who provided materials and men to build David a palace (cf. 1 Kings 5:1-11). Recognition by a person of such stature convinced David that God indeed had established him and exalted his kingdom.
Eugene H. Merrill, 2 Samuel (The Bible Knowledge Commentary; ed. John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck; Wheaton: Victor Books, 1985), 1:461.
The City of David maybe is the most important biblical site in Israel, it preserve ruins of thousand years from the time of Canaanites, overing to King David period, Kingdom of Judah, New Testament and today.
Many facts describe in the New Testament also occurred in the City of David, maybe the most important was the blind man healing by Jesus.
The City of David was abandoned after the romans destroy the Temple of Jerusalem and prohibit the Jewish People to return to Jerusalem.
Visiting the City of David National Park visitors can revive experiences where live prophets, kings, disciples and Yeshua proclaim the Kingdom of the Heaven.
From the ancient palace of David, you can go down to the ancient King Hezekiah aqueduct tunnel in the heart of the rock, the spring of Gihon and walk by the water directly to the pool of Siloam.
"Now as Jesus passed by, He saw a man who was blind from birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”
Jesus answered, “Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but that the works of God should be revealed in him.I must work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day; the night is coming when no one can work.As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”
When He had said these things, He spat on the ground and made clay with the saliva; and He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay. And He said to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam” (which is translated, Sent). So he went and washed, and came back seeing.
Therefore the neighbors and those who previously had seen that he was blind said, “Is not this he who sat and begged?”
Some said, “This is he.” Others said, “He is like him.”
He said, “I am he.”
Therefore they said to him, “How were your eyes opened?”
He answered and said, “A Man called Jesus made clay and anointed my eyes and said to me, ‘Go to the pool of Siloam and wash.’ So I went and washed, and I received sight.”
Then they said to him, “Where is He?”
He said, “I do not know.”
They brought him who formerly was blind to the Pharisees. Now it was a Sabbath when Jesus made the clay and opened his eyes. Then the Pharisees also asked him again how he had received his sight. He said to them, “He put clay on my eyes, and I washed, and I see.”
Therefore some of the Pharisees said, “This Man is not from God, because He does not keep the Sabbath.”
Others said, “How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?” And there was a division among them.
They said to the blind man again, “What do you say about Him because He opened your eyes?”
He said, “He is a prophet.”
But the Jews did not believe concerning him, that he had been blind and received his sight, until they called the parents of him who had received his sight. And they asked them, saying, “Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?”
His parents answered them and said, “We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind; but by what means he now sees we do not know, or who opened his eyes we do not know. He is of age; ask him. He will speak for himself.” His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews had agreed already that if anyone confessed that He was Christ, he would be put out of the synagogue. Therefore his parents said, “He is of age; ask him.”
So they again called the man who was blind, and said to him, “Give God the glory! We know that this Man is a sinner.”
He answered and said, “Whether He is a sinner or not I do not know. One thing I know: that though I was blind, now I see.”
Then they said to him again, “What did He do to you? How did He open your eyes?”
He answered them, “I told you already, and you did not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also want to become His disciples?”
Then they reviled him and said, “You are His disciple, but we are Moses’ disciples. We know that God spoke to Moses; as for this fellow, we do not know where He is from.”
The man answered and said to them, “Why, this is a marvelous thing, that you do not know where He is from; yet He has opened my eyes! Now we know that God does not hear sinners; but if anyone is a worshiper of God and does His will, He hears him. Since the world began it has been unheard of that anyone opened the eyes of one who was born blind. If this Man were not from God, He could do nothing.”
They answered and said to him, “You were completely born in sins, and are you teaching us?” And they cast him out.
Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him, He said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of God?”
He answered and said, “Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?”
And Jesus said to him, “You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you.”
Then he said, “Lord, I believe!” And he worshiped Him.”
John 9:1–38 NKJV
The Spring House, Eli Shukron In 1995, Ronny Reich and Eli Shukron began to excavate near the Gihon Spring and forever changed our understanding of Ancient Jerusalem.
The Shiloah Pool and the Second Temple Road , in 2004, Reich and Shukron began an excavation in the southern part of the City of David, at the site of the Second Temple period Shiloah Pool.
Givati Parking Lot - In 2007, Doron Ben-Ami and Yana Tchekhanovets began a comprehensive excavation in the Givati Parking Lot, located west of the entrance to the City of David.
Eli Shukron Since 2007 and Reich have been excavating the main water drainage tunnel of the city of Jerusalem from the Second Temple period, inside the Tyropoeon Valley.