The ancient Chorazin was an important city in the gospels scenario, one of three city that was part of Jesus prophecies about the future of the region.
Today Chorazim or Korazin is one of many Israeli National Park in the State of Israel, it includes a green area around the ancient city and the ruins of the biblical city that appears in the gospels of Jesus, part of what was called, the Galilee of Gentiles.
“Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.”
(Matthew 11:21 KJV)
””אוֹי לָךְ כּוֹרָזִין! אוֹי לָךְ בֵּית צַיְדָה! כִּי אִלּוּ נַעֲשׂוּ בְּצוֹר וּבְצִידוֹן הַפְּלָאוֹת שֶׁנַּעֲשׂוּ בְּתוֹכְכֶן, הֲרֵי מִכְּבָר הָיוּ חוֹזְרוֹת בִּתְשׁוּבָה בְּשַׂק וָאֵפֶר.“
(Matthew 11:21 MHNT)
Though it was not Jesus’ primary thrust in His First Advent to pronounce judgment, He did denounce sin. Here He specifically pronounced condemnation against the cities in which some of His most significant miracles had occurred— Korazin ... Bethsaida, and Capernaum, all three near the Sea of Galilee’s northwest shore. By contrast, three terribly wicked Gentile cities— Tyre and Sidon (v. 22), cities on the Phoenician coast 35 and 60 miles, respectively, from the Sea of Galilee (cf. 15:21), and Sodom (11:23), more than 100 miles south— would have repented if they had seen Jesus’ miracles. Their judgment, though terrible, is less than that on the Jewish cities. All three Galilean cities, in spite of their greater “light,” rejected the Messiah, and are today in ruins. Though Jesus lived in Capernaum for some time, it would not be lifted up to the skies, or exalted. Instead its inhabitants would go down to the depths, literally, to hades, the place of the dead.
Louis A. Barbieri Jr., Matthew (The Bible Knowledge Commentary; ed. John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck; Accordance electronic ed. 2 vols.; Wheaton: Victor Books, 1983), 2:44.
Chorazin kō̇-rā′zin (Χοραζίν, Mt 11:21; Χωραζίν, Lk 10:13; WH Χοραζείν): A city whose name appears only in the woe pronounced against it by Christ (Mt 11:21; Lk 10:13). Its appearance there, however, shows that it must have been a place of some importance, and highly privileged by the ministry of Jesus. It was already deserted in the time of Eusebius, who places it 2 miles from Capernaum (Onomasticon, under the word). We can hardly doubt that it is represented by the extensive ruins of Kerazeh, on the heights to the N. of Tell Hum. It is utterly desolate: a few carved stones being seen among the heaps. There are traces of a Roman road which connected the ancient city with the great highway between N. and S. which touched the lake shore at Khan Minyeh.
“Chorazin,” ISBE, n.p.
“Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.”
(Luke 10:13 KJV)
”אוֹי לָךְ כּוֹרָזִין! אוֹי לָךְ בֵּית צַיְדָא! כִּי אִלּוּ נַעֲשׂוּ בְּצוֹר וְצִידוֹן הַפְּלָאוֹת שֶׁנַּעֲשׂוּ בְּתוֹכְכֶן, הֲרֵי מִכְּבָר הָיוּ חוֹזְרִים בִּתְשׁוּבָה וְיוֹשְׁבִים בְּשַׂק וָאֵפֶר.“
(Luke 10:13 MHNT)
In his expeditions to the Israel in the nineteenth century, Edward Robinson questioned local residents about the whereabouts of a site matching the description of Chorazin, but no one recognized the name or could provide any information.
Extensive excavations and a survey were carried out in 1962-1964. Excavations at the site were conclude in 1980-1987.
The site is an excavated ruin today, but was inhabited starting in the 1st century. The majority of the structures are made from black basalt, a volcanic rock found locally. The main settlement dates to the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. Archaeologists found a mikvah, or ritual bath at the site, olive many millstones used in to oil extraction and it suggest a reliance on the olive for economic purposes, like many other ancient villages in Galilee.
The ruins are spread over an area of 100,000 m2 and subdivided into five separate quarters, with a synagogue is in the the centre. The ancient Synagogue was built with black stones and decorated with ancient Jewish decor elements. In 1926, archaeologists discovered and massive stone chair, the "Seat of Moses," carved from a basalt block. According to the New Testament, this is where Jesus read the Torah(Matthew 23:1-3) in Saturday.
Latest Excavations at Chorazin
Between May and June 2004, a small-scale salvage excavation was conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority on the ancient route north of Moshav Amnun. In the ancient literature, the road is called “The Way through Korazim.” It crossed the Chorazin hill from west to east, branching off from the ancient Egypt – Syria road that cross northeast toward Bnot Yaakov Bridge.