Rosh Hanikrah or MISREPHOTH-MAIM is a natural reserve in the western north frontier of Israel with Lebanon, it includes many grottos, corals, fauna and flora typically from the east Mediterranean area.

Rosh Hanikrah have a Guinness Award for the most small cable car in the World, is is so small but so useful because the hard inclination from the mountain to the coast line.


A place (perhaps the “eminence over the waters”), one of the border markers for the territory of the Sidonians (Josh. 13:6). After Joshua’s victory at the waters of Merom, the victorious Israelites pursued the army of the northern kings to Misrephoth-maim and the valley of Mizpah. Since Maim can be vocalized to miyyam, “on the west,” the text might carry the secondary meaning “to Misrephoth on the west and to the valley of Mizpah on the east.” This could present a literary balance and underscore the extent of Joshua’s victory. The name has been taken to refer to modern Khirbet Musheirefeh/Tel Rosh ha-Niqra (161276) on the modern Israel/Lebanon border. Some scholars identify Misrephoth with the Litani River, which would accord well with its location in “Greater Sidon.” The Litani River would have presented a difficult passage for a chariot army, and this obstacle may have ended the flight of the fugitives, allowing Joshua to complete his victory (Josh. 11:8).

“MISREPHOTH-MAIM,” Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, 906.

The Rosh HaNikra Ntional Park have grottos, cavernous tunnels formed by sea waves action on the soft chalk rock caused by erosion.

The total length tunnels are about 200 meters long. In the past, the only access to them was by the Mediterranean sea sailing and experienced divers were the only ones capable of visiting.

Today a small cable car takes visitors down to natural reserve, the caves and the British railway tunnel, the passage between the country lands before the independence of Israel.


And the LORD said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: for to morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hough their horses, and burn their chariots with fire. So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them. And the LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto great Zidon, and unto Misrephothmaim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining. And Joshua did unto them as the LORD bade him: he houghed their horses, and burnt their chariots with fire.

Joshua 11:6–9 KJV